Roll of Thunder Hear my Cry belongs to the historical fiction genre. The characters and the plot are fictional but the real-life setting from a past period (rural Mississippi in the 1930’s) is real. The social and cultural context is also real.
Historical fiction as a genre is always set in the past and includes detailed social conditions and norms of the time period it depicts. For the story to be exciting und somewhat surprising/unpredictable, the plot and the characters are always fictional (otherwise it would be an autobiography or a history book).
This novel can be recommended to readers who are interested in the struggles of black people in the U.S. but also to readers who want to experience the viewpoint of a discriminated minority.