Lois Lowry uses a clear and straightforward language that makes the book understandable and easy to read. She doesn’t make long sentences wearying the readers. That’s why the book can be more suitable for children and young adults. There are no complex words, except for unique ones like “Sameness” or “Elsewhere”. Lowry uses an objective language to describe the dystopian society and the readers don’t feel like they are being exposed to Lowry’s opinions. Lowry gives importance on interpretations of the readers and wants them to explore the reality of the society with Jonas.
Lowry mostly takes advantage of rhetorical questions besides the clarity of language (“Critical Essays Style and Language in The Giver”). It helps to readers to connect more with Jonas thoughts and figure out how the utopian society turns into a dystopia by questioning.
“Even trained for years as they all had been in precision of language, what words could you use which would give another the experience of sunshine?” (89)
Lowry also makes use of euphemisms, which means saying something bad or harsh in a good way. Euphemism is a beneficial literary device used in dystopian books. In dystopian books, people are usually manipulated or controlled by the government or by a person at the power. It makes people blind to see the reality. To show the readers how a utopian society turns into a dystopian slowly, Lowry gets help from euphemisms. For example, in the book the term ‘’releasing’’ is used instead of ‘’killing’’ and we don’t know the exact meaning of this until the end. As another example, “nurturer” seems to have a positive meaning but it is used to define a person who is responsible for both taking care of newborns and killing them. In the same way, “Nurturing Center” is also used for hiding the grim reality of keeping babies away from their birthmothers.
‘’He killed it! My father killed it! Jonas said to himself, stunned at what he was realizing. He continued to stare at the screen numbly. ’’ (150)
‘’The Giver turned to him. ‘’Well, there you are, Jonas. You were wondering about release,’’ he said in a bitter voice’’. (151)
The open-ended plot structure is one of the most significant techniques used by Lowry, which makes the book interesting and exciting. The reader is left to interpret the ending of the book on their own way through Lowry’s vague epilogue and usage of third person limited narrative point of view. Lowry gives an opportunity to the readers to dream their own ending for the book.